Andorra - a small country located in the heart of Pyrenees between France and Spain, and throughout the year it receives a huge number of tourists, and in the period from early December to mid-April skiers come here from around the world. This tiny country has five beautiful ski centers - 277 km of excellent trails spread over resorts: Ordino-Arkalis, Pal-Seturia-Arinsal, Pas de la Casa Grau Roic, Soldeu el Tarter and La Rabassa cross-country ski resort. Everyone can find tracks to their taste! The special charm of Andorra is in its uniqueness of traditions and customs, harmoniously combining the cultures of France and Spain.
Andorra is located in the southwest of Europe, on the eastern slopes of the Pyrenees Mountains, between France and Spain. The territory of Andorra is mountainous, is dissected by several high-mountain valleys, most of the country lies at altitudes over 900 m above the sea level. From the northeast to the southwest the country is crossed by rivers Valira and Ariège, and the mountain slopes are marked with many small glacial lakes and mineral and thermal springs.
The highest point of the country is the peak of Coma-Pedroso (2942 m.) in the northwest. The total area of the country is only 450 square km, which is larger than Monaco, San Marino and Liechtenstein, but it is one of the smallest countries in the world.
The capital is Andorra la Vella.
The voltage in the network is 240V, 50 Hz.
Andorra is a very ancient country - the first mention of Andorran was found in the Latin chronicles of the II century. BC. E. The country doesn’t have a large number of architectural monuments, although Roman bridges, ruins of Arab fortresses and medieval temples are preserved in sufficient quantities, but high-altitude resorts of the country in terms of service and natural conditions are among the best mountain regions in Europe. The main thing that attracts tourists from all over the world is its mountain slopes.
The main attraction of the capital is the health complex Caldea in the eastern suburbs of the capital - Les Escaldes, which is the largest thermal complex in Western Europe. Under a glass dome on an area of about 600 square meters there are dozens of swimming pools with thermal water (+ 30-52 С), with and without flow, jacuzzi and cascades, grottos and waterfalls, state-of-the-art balneological health centers, dozens of baths and saunas of all kinds and the most exotic architecture. The complex also includes many massage rooms, a VIP club, bars and restaurants, sports grounds, tennis courts and a shopping center.
In Encamp there is (5 km from the capital) one of the few museums of Andorra is the National Automobile Museum, exhibiting more than a hundred of the rarest cars and many old (since 1898) motorcycles, bicycles and other vehicles. You can visit the large sports complex “Encamp Multiport Center”, the church Esglesia-San-Roma de les Bons (XII century), and most ski routes to the neighboring ski centers, including the unique ropeway " Funikamp" with a length of more than 6 km, start from here.
In addition to mountain skiing, there is hiking, sledding tours, horse riding and bench shooting, in which Andorrans are considered to be great specialists. The tiny village of Llorts (a permanent population of only 100 people) lies among the fields of tobacco surrounded by ancient mountains. This is one of the most unspoilt places in the country (and in Western Europe) and a very popular place for walking. To the west of the village there is a popular tourist area - the group of picturesque mountain lakes of Estanis del Angonella. From the mountain Borda de Sorteni (1970 m.) the hiking trail continues to the lakes Estany del Estany and the 2,915-meter mountain known as the Peak del Estany. Not far away there is a tiny Romanesque church Esgliesia de Saint-Marti famous for its frescoes of the 12th century in surprisingly good condition. Unusual architecture of the church of San Juan de Caselles, Saint-Marti de la Cortinada, San Clemente de Pal, Saint-Miguel d'Engolasteres and Saint-Cerny-de-Naughol, as well as Arched stone bridge of Saint Anthony.
If you obtain an official permit, you can try your luck in catching trout. Being one of the world's centers for tourism, Andorra also has a well-developed recreation infrastructure - theaters, concert halls, restaurants, dance halls, sports facilities for a wide variety of sports, etc. Andorra is rich in mineral and thermal waters, which are used both for medicinal purposes and as natural heating plants for heating houses.
The Spanish city of Seo de Urgell, although it lies far beyond Andorra, is called by locals “The Spanish Gates to Andorra” and is considered one of the Andorran cities. Since the beginning of the 9th century La Seo, as the locals call it, was the residence of the Bishops and Counts of Urzhel - the Spanish Prince-co-rulers of Andorra. The city is famous for its ancient buildings - the Cathedral of the XII century, Catedral de Santa Maria on the south side of the central Plaza del Oms is one of the most outstanding structures of the Romanesque style in Catalonia. Despite the fact that the cathedral was repeatedly subject to various reconstructions and alterations, it has remained pretty much unchanged. Inside the cathedral there is a unique "Dioches Museum" - the only collection of frescoes, sacred writings and church utensils, and a rare exhibit - the millennial "Beatus" - an illustrated manuscript describing the Apocalypse.
There is no traditional cuisine in the country as such, because most of the traditional dishes are borrowed from Catalan or French cuisine, but they still preserve the imprint of national culinary traditions - even famous dishes are prepared more simply, at home.
The most popular grilled assortment of different types of meat - "la parillida", assorted seafood "mariska", rabbit in tomato sauce - "kunilo", fried lamb "hai" or "sai", fried bacon with potatoes and cabbage - Trinseat ", Andorran trout, grilled duck with beans or apples, thick soup" Escudella ", fish soup" rusasald " and etc. Local sausages and bacon are used, which are used in many" recipes ", and are also served as separate dishes with garnish and spices.
Traditions and rules of conduct in the country
Most of the inhabitants are Catholics. Due to historical traditions, the Roman Catholic Church has a very great influence in the country.