India is a country of rich culture and history. During a trip to India you will plunge into a completely different world of the East. And excellent beaches with a high level of service and beautiful sea provide an excellent opportunity to relax. India is a huge open-air museum where everyone can touch the millennial antiquity, see the world's masterpieces of architecture and descend from the snow-capped Himalayas to the hot tropics in just a few hours.
Come to India and you will be convinced that this is a country of an endless variety of fragrant scents and colors that do not yet have a name, ancient traditions and subtle forms, an endless variety of customs and languages. India, simple and great, will not leave anyone indifferent.
India is located in the south of Asia on the Indian subcontinent between the upper reaches of the Indus river system in Punjab in the west and the Ganges river system in the East. In the north, the country borders China, Bhutan and Nepal, in the northwest - Pakistan, in the east - Myanmar and the People's Republic of Bangladesh. In the east, India is washed by the Bay of Bengal, in the west - by the Arabian Sea, in the south - by the Indian Ocean. The length of India from north to south is about 3220 km, and from east to west - 2930 km. The land border of India is 15200 km, and the sea border - 6083 km. Its area is 3287.3 thousand square kilometers.
The natural conditions of India are very diverse. In general, its territory can be divided into 3 areas:
1) Arrays of the Himalayas, located in the north of India. In translation, the name of the Himalayas means "abode of snows". The highest peak of the world - Mount Jomolungma (Everest), which rises to 8848 m above the sea level is located here. But its neighbors are not inferior to their older sister, the height of 5 - 6 thousand meters is quite common in these massifs. The Himalayas stretched from east to west (from the Brahmaputra River to the Indus River) for 2500 km and are 150 to 400 km in width. The Himalayas consist of three main mountain ranges: Mount Sivalik in the south (heights of 800-1200 m), the Small Himalayas (2500-3000 m) and the Great Himalayas (5500-6000 m).
2) Deccan Highlands on the Hindustan Peninsula with adjacent coastal lowlands. The average height is 300 - 900 m. The Dean is an arid hilly plateau, from the west and the east limited by the mountains of the Western (higher) and Eastern Ghat. Through Deccan Plateau Rivers Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri flow from West to East, which are very shallow during a winter period. Interestingly, according to modern ideas, the Deccan plateau was formed tens of millions of years ago as a result of "swelling" of the earth's surface from the impact of an asteroid from the opposite side of the globe in the Gulf of Mexico region (this catastrophe was probably the reason why dinosaurs disappeared).
3) The Indo-Gangetic plain, which occupies the central and eastern part of India, has an area of 319,000 square kilometers. The territory of the Indo-Gangetic Plain is home to 250 million people. This vast area stretches parallel to the ridges of the Himalayas.
The main rivers in India are the Ganges (2510 km), Brahmaputra (2,900 km), the Indus (2,287 km). They are very abundant and used for navigation. A characteristic phenomenon of the northern territories of the country are floods during melting of glaciers.
In summer India is 1 hour 30 minutes ahead of Moscow, and in winter - 2 hours 30 minutes ahead.
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In India there is a monsoon climate. 3 seasons: dry cold - from October to March (considered the best time to visit), dry hot - from April to June and humid hot - from July to September. The best time to travel to India depends on where you are going. The climate is very diverse. When the beach season opens in Goa (on the Indian Ocean coast) (November), the snow already covers the Himalayas. On the other hand, in July-August, when in the south of India it is very hot and humid, it is the best time to travel along Ladakh (a region lying on the Tibetan plateau behind the great Himalayan Range). In mountainous regions, the air temperature and weather strongly depend on the altitude above the sea level. In South and Central India, it is recommended that you go there between July and September (rain, wet, warm + 25-30 * C) and between October and March (dry, cool + 20-25 * C), bad season is from March to June (Very hot, dry + 35-45 * C).
More than 200 dialects are used by the population of India. The official languages are Hindi and English.
Almost all people living in India are deeply religious. Religion for Indians is a way of life. The main religious-ethical system of India is considered to be Hinduism. According to the number of followers, Hinduism is a leading religion in Asia. This religion, which does not have any one founder and one basic text (there are many of them: the Vedas, Upanisads, Puranas and many others), originated so long ago that it is impossible even to determine its age, and it had spread throughout India and many countries of Southeast Asia, and now, thanks to immigrants from India, it has settled everywhere - around the world. 83% of the total population of India professes Hinduism - about 850 million people. In India there are 11% of Muslims.
One of the oldest religions of the world, Buddhism, originated in India as early as the 5th century BC. Buddhists believe that enlightenment, that is, liberation from suffering in an endless cycle of rebirths, can be reached by every living being and, especially, by a person, since, according to Buddhism, everyone initially possesses nature of Buddha. Unlike the Hindus, Buddhists do not recognize castes. If you meet a man in a colorful turban with a thick, thick beard, you should know that this is a Sikh, that is, an adherent of Sikhism – a faith that has absorbed and united Hinduism and Islam.
So, 80% of the population is Hindus, and Muslims constitute a significant religious minority - 12%. The number of Christians reaches 18 million people. Mostly they are Catholics and Protestants. There are also Orthodox parishes. Sikhism stands out as one of the denominations born on Indian soil, the number of followers of which exceeds 17 million. In Mumbai (formerly Bombay), a small (about 200 thousand), but influential community of fire-worshipers is concentrated. In the coastal cities of Kerala you can meet followers of Judaism (about 6 thousand). About 26 thousand representatives of aboriginal tribes profess different pagan beliefs.
According to estimates for 1999, the population of India reached 1 billion people. The average annual population growth decreased from 2.2% in the 1950s through 1980s to 1.7% in 1990-1998, but absolute figures determine its annual increase of about 20 million people. The average population density is 354 people per 1 sq. km, and the maximum - more than 750 people per 1 sq. km in West Bengal and Kerala. The most densely populated are the southeastern and southwestern coasts, the delta lowlands of the east and the Gangetic plain. Least inhabited by the elevations of Central India, the northeast and the Himalayas. Approximately 65% of the country's population lives in 500 thousand villages. The intensification of migration processes led to formation of such huge agglomerations as Mumbai (Bombay, 8 million people), Calcutta (5 million) and the Union Territory of Delhi led by the eponymous capital (8 million people) over the past half-century.
The voltage in India is 220V.
Police - 100
Fire rescue - 101
Ambulance - 102
Mobile communication in India is expensive, and we suggest purchasing a local SIM card and pay for calls using express payment cards (1 minute of conversation with Russia will cost about $ 1). The cost of a call from the hotel is three times more expensive than from a payphone.
How to call Russia:
00 + 7 (Russia code) + city code (812-code of St. Petersburg) + phone number
How to call in Goa:
8 + 10 + 91 (India code) + 832 (Goa code) + phone number.
The Indian rupee is a fairly stable currency. Its rate is approximately 48 rupees for 1 US dollar. Import and export of Indian currency, as well as currency exchange from individuals are prohibited. You can exchange currency at the airport, at the bank or at certified exchange offices. Banks work mostly on weekdays from 10.00 to 14.00, and on Saturdays - from 10.00 to 12.00. In addition, there are a considerable number of exchange offices operating at shops, jewelry shops, hotels. Exchange is recommended to be carried out exclusively in banks, since in all other areas there are hidden commission and other fees. You should not exchange money in places a taxi driver, an occasional acquaintance or a hotel administrator recommend, - in all such cases they will claim a fee that you will involuntarily have to pay, with a bad rate too. It will not happen in banks. You can exchange currency at the airport, at the bank (passport is required) or at certified exchange office. When exchanging it is necessary to take a receipt that allows you to make a reverse exchange of money when leaving the country (but not more than 25% of the officially exchanged amount). It is best to import dollars: currencies of other countries won’t get exchanged in all banks and the rates are less favorable.
Citizens of Russia, just like citizens of most other countries of the world, require a visa to enter India. Since 2015, introduced and the so-called electronic visa to India, which can be obtained through the Internet. In emergency cases, you can obtain a visa upon arrival in Goa, but immigration services are very reluctant to make concessions, so it is better to obtain visas in advance at the Indian Embassy in Moscow or at the Consulate General of India in St. Petersburg and Vladivostok.
Tourist e-visa is intended for persons whose purpose is to visit as a tourist or visit friends or relatives who are citizens of India. A visa is issued for one or more entries.
A transit visa is issued to individuals whose purpose is to transit through India to third countries.
Business visa is intended for those who are going to visit India at the invitation of business partners.
A student visa is intended for persons enrolled in officially registered schools in India. A visa can be issued only upon presentation of a written invitation from the university.
A visa for studying yoga, Vedic culture, the theory of Indian music, dance, etc. Is issued to citizens for a course in Yoga, Vedic culture, the theory of Indian music, dance, etc., at officially recognized Indian educational institutions. It is issued upon presentation of a letter of admission from a particular educational institution.
"Green Corridor" is intended for persons importing goods that are not subject to customs duties and taxes. "Red Corridor" - for persons importing goods for which customs payments are due or in respect of which there are any prohibitions and restrictions.
Nevertheless, all passengers fill in the declaration for the imported baggage; persons who chose the "green corridor" must give a part of the passenger information card relating to customs clearance to the customs officer, before the person leaves the checkpoint. Written declaration of foreign means of payment is made in the following cases: the total amount of imported foreign currency exceeds 5000 US dollars; the total amount of imported means of payment exceeds $ 10,000.
In the event that a person moves through the "green corridor" goods for which customs payments are due or for which there are any prohibitions and restrictions, liability measures are applied to the person, including confiscation of the goods. Having narcotic and psychotropic substances is a serious crime and is punishable by imprisonment.
Import of foreign currency is not limited, cash amounts over $ 5 thousand and non-cash funds in excess of $ 10 thousand are declared. Export of foreign currency is allowed up to the amount declared in the entry declaration. Import and export of national currency is prohibited. Persons over the age of 17 years are allowed duty-free imports: cigarettes - up to 200 pieces or cigars - up to 50 pieces, or tobacco - up to 250 g, alcoholic beverages - up to 2 liters, up to 60 ml spirits and up to 250 ml toilet water. Household audio, photo and video equipment, musical instruments, medicines, sports equipment, jewelry, food, household items and things
Photo and video equipment, musical instruments, medication, sports equipment, jewelry, food, household items and things are duty-free imported only within personal needs. These rules apply only to persons whose stay in India is at least 24 hours and not more than 6 months, while they cross the border of the country no more than once a month.
Holidays and non-working days
In India, there area lot of holidays, both public and religious. Almost every day is a holiday. The main public holidays in India are:
January 1 - New Year's Day
January 26 - Republic Day (on this day the Constitution of India was adopted)
March 8, as in Russia, celebrated the Women's Day
August 15 - Independence Day (on this day in 1947, India gained independence from Britain)
August 20 - Rajiv Gandhi's Birthday
On 2 October, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi
November 19 - Indira Gandhi's Birthday
Among the religious holidays, the following can be distinguished as the main ones:
In March - April the followers of Jainism celebrate the birthday of the founder of this religion, Mahavira. This holiday is called Mahavir jayanti.
In April - May (the first day of the month of the bysak), followers of the Sikhism celebrate their main holiday - bysak.
Buddha jayanti - Buddha's birthday is celebrated in the second half of April - the first half of May.
The main holiday of the Parsis (Indian fire-worshipers) is Khordad Sal - the birth of the prophet Zarathustra.
In February - March, Hindus celebrate the Spring Festival of Holi.
In April and May, Id-ul-Azh (Id-ul-Zukha, Bakr-id) is marked. This is a feast of sacrifice - one of the two major Muslim holidays.
August-September - Janmashtami is the birthday of Krishna.
In September - October, Dashrah (Dussera, Dusher, Durga-puja) is celebrated, the day of worship of Devi. This is one of the most popular holidays.
In October - November, celebrate the holiday Diwali (Deepavali, Bandi Khor Divas). It is the Festival of Lights and the Goddess of Prosperity Diwali, one of the most popular folk festivals and the last day of the year by the Hindu calendar.
India has a well-developed network of international air services operated by Air India and other airlines. The company "Indian airlines" provides flights over domestic lines and to nearby countries. In addition to air, there are sea and land routes with other countries. In India, there are 4 largest airports: Chenai, Calcutta, Delhi, Bombay, of which two are international - Delhi and Bombay.
The Indian network of international rail transport is the largest in Asia and the second largest in the world. It consists of 62,300 km of rails, more than 7,030 railway stations and more than 11,200 locomotives. The fare is relatively inexpensive. A large number of expresses connect the major cities. Where the railway service is interrupted, you can get from the station to the station by bus. The categories of travel are different, starting with the most expensive I class with air conditioning (the ticket price is comparable with the cost of traveling of this class in other countries), and ending with the cheapest option - a common car with a ticket without a seat. There are also sleeping cars with air conditioning and two-seater coupe, as well as sedentary wagons with air conditioning (both II class); There are class II wagons with fans.
Inside India there is an extensive network of bus routes connecting all parts of the country. This is especially true for those areas in which there is no railway communication, in particular for high-mountain areas. On most rural roads there are old buses, but on the main roads there are more express buses with air conditioning. On many routes, even local ones, tickets can be booked in advance. The bulk of luggage is transported on the roof of the bus, so you need to lock your suitcases, and during the stops, check their availability.
The main seaports are Mumbai (Bombay), Calcutta, Cochin, Chennai (Madras), Calicut, Panaji (Goa) and Rameswaram. Except for river ferries, water transport in India is rather poorly developed. There is a ship communication between Port Blair (Andaman Islands) and Calcutta and Madras (mainly working only during the tourist season), as well as between Calcutta and Madras. A magnificent water service is established between Cochin and Lakshadweep. In Kerala, regular passenger ships run along the coast, several flights link Allapuju and Kovalam (formerly Alleppey and Quilon), including the popular voyage of a wheeled steamer. Between Bombay and Goa is a catamaran.
Tipping in hotels and restaurants is usually about 10%. In hotels, it is usually included in the bill, but leave 2-3 rupees extra to the maid, a porter and a bellboy - from 2 to 5 rupees. Tipping in India is seen not only as a gratitude for the service, but also as a soft transition from the sphere of buyer-seller relations to a more friendly relationship.
India is a paradise for shopping. The prices here are low, moreover, it is a tradition to bargain. Most popular are silver products, sandalwood souvenirs, bronzes, Kashmir carpets, silk shawls, Indian tea. When buying jewelry, you need to require a quality certificate; if you have such a document you can return or exchange the purchased goods. When buying souvenirs on the street or photographing with exotic animals, all negotiations are best conducted through a guide. So, at least, you can count on a reasonable price. In Delhi, thousands of outlets and traditional eastern markets are located in the area of Baba Kharak Singh, Chandni Chowk, Koniat Place, Hari Baoli, south of the university, near the gate of Lahore, in the Urdu Bazaar area, etc. Here you can buy almost everything, and the famous atmosphere of the oriental bazaar gives such purchases a special charm. When visiting Bombay, you should take a stroll through the narrow, winding quarters of the Kalbadevi district to the north of Crawford Market, where one after another follow the whole series of colorful markets of Zaveri-Bazar, Mangaldas-Market, Dabu and Hor-Bazar ("thieves market").
The unforgettable aroma of India is not only a thick smell of jasmine and roses. It is also a delicate fragrance of spices, which occupy an important place in Indian dishes, especially curry. The name of this seasoning comes from the Indian word "kari" (sauce), but here it does not occur in the form of a powder familiar to residents of other countries. It is a delicate and gentle mixture of spices such as turmeric, cardamom, ginger, coriander, nutmeg and poppy. As a paint on the artist's palette, the Indian cook keeps on hand about 25 spices, necessarily freshly ground, from which he makes his own unique flavor bouquet. Many spices have medicinal properties. In each region, there are favorite spices and their combinations. Although not all Indians are vegetarians, here you will eat more vegetable dishes than at home. Vegetables in India are cheap, diverse, abundant and always deliciously cooked.
On the west coast you will be offered a wide choice of fish and seafood. Bombay duck (stewed in curry or fried fish bombed) and licorice fish (Indian salmon) are only two names from the extensive menu. Fish is also present in Bengali cuisine, for example: dahi-maach (curry fish in yogurt flavored with ginger) and mailai (shrimp curry with coconut).
Meat dishes are more common in the north: rogan josh (mutton curry), gushtaba (sharp meatballs in yogurt) and delicious biyani (chicken or lamb with rice and orange sauce). The taste of Mughla dishes is rich; they are generously seasoned with spices and sprinkled with walnut and saffron. From the northern areas there are famous tandoori (chicken, meat or fish, marinated with herbs and baked in a clay oven) and kebabs.
In the south, curry dishes are mostly vegetables and are very spicy. From traditional recipes, one can recommend bhujia (curry vegetables), dosa, idli and samba (rice cakes, dumplings with marinades and lentils with curry) and raita (yoghurt with grated cucumber and mint). The main ingredient of South Indian cuisine is coconut. In the south, rice is number one, while in the north it is often supplemented or replaced by a variety of fresh flat cakes-puri, chappati, nan and others.
Common to all India is dal (soup made from crushed lentils with vegetables) and dhay (yogurt or yogurt, served with curry). In addition, that this is a very tasty dish, when it’s hot, it refreshes better than soft drinks. From sweets, mainly, milk puddings, cookies and pancakes are served. All over India, there is a kulfi (Indian ice cream), rasgulla (cottage cheese balls seasoned with rose water), gulab-jamun (flour, yogurt and grated almonds) and jalebi (pancakes in syrup). In addition to the excellent choice of sweets, you will always be offered fruits: mangoes, pomegranates, melons, apricots, apples and strawberries. Western groceries are sold in many cities. To improve digestion, it is customary to finish the meal by chewing pan. Pan - is betel leaves, in which the grains of anise and cardamom are wrapped. Another custom – eating with fingers, but (do not forget!) only with the right hand.
Tourists with conservative tastes will always find in the cities dishes, practically, of any country in the world. Tea is a favorite drink of Indians, and many of its varieties are popular in the world. Often it is served with sugar and milk, but you can also order "tea on a tray." The popularity of coffee is growing.It is pleasantly refreshing the nimbus-pani (lemon drink), lassi (ice milk) and coconut milk directly from the nut. Syrup, and Western alcoholic beverages are available everywhere.The Indian beers and gin are not inferior to the best world brands.
Tourists with conservative tastes will always find dishes of any country in the world. Tea is a favorite drink of Indians, and many of its varieties are popular in the world. Often it is served with sugar and milk, but you can also order "tea on a tray." The popularity of coffee is growing too. It is a pleasantly refreshing nimbus-pani (lemon drink), lassi (ice milk) and coconut milk directly from the nut. Syrup, and Western alcoholic beverages are available everywhere. The Indian beers and gin are not worse than the best world varieties, and are also inexpensive. Remember that alcohol permits are required in Tamil Nadu and Gujarat.
Agra is located 204 km from Delhi in the Ganges valley on the west bank of the Yamuna River. Even Delhi, the millennial capital of numerous kings and emperors, cannot boast of such a generous architectural and cultural heritage that Agra inherited from the golden age of the great Mughals. Noteworthy is the Shrine of Itemad - ud - Daula and the Tomb of Akbar in Sikandra. Shrine Itemad - ud - Daula stands in the center of the Persian Park, striking with graceful lines and careful finishing. Norjahan, the brilliant wife of Jahangir, built it for her parents. A small tomb on the approaches to the Taj Mahal is a wonderful reflection of the taste and mind of the gifted empress. The warm tones of the yellow marble contrast with the white and black patterns, and the delicate marble panels and the rich mosaic of gems are feminine and delicate. Named after the Afghan ruler Sikander Lodi, Sikandra is better known as the place of the last resting of Akbar. The Emperor began the construction of his own memorial - a mausoleum of red sandstone in the middle of the chahar bagha, a park of a square layout - during his lifetime. Magnificently decorated with marble mosaic entry leads to a spacious open structure, crowned with a tomb with carved panels at the level of the fifth floor. They were added to the image of the mausoleum by Shahjahan after the death of his father.
India1 The city of India The city of Delhi and surrounding areas occupy a total of about 1500 sq. Km. Km and constitute the National Capital Territory of Delhi, administered by the territorial government, as well as the mayor's office of Old Delhi and the Municipal Corporation of New Delhi. According to the Constitution of the country, the capital of India is officially called New Delhi, although in everyday speech not only in India, but in other countries, the abbreviated name Delhi is kept. Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in the old city. Three large gates, four corner towers and two tall minarets of red sandstone and white marble created a magnificent ensemble. The eastern gate was opened only for the emperor. The worshipers enter the mosque through the northern and southern gates. The yard of the mosque can accommodate 25 thousand people. Kutab Minar - a complex of buildings, began to be built from the time of the establishment of Muslims in India and to this day is a perfectly preserved example of early Afghan architecture. Kutab Minar, which gave the name to the whole complex, is a minaret erected after the Muslims' victory over the Hindu kingdom in Delhi in 1193. Not far from the minaret, in the inner courtyard of the mosque Kuvvat-al-Islam, there is the so-called Iron pillar - a column of iron of very high purity, 7 meters high.
In Panaji there are many places of interest. As in most cities of Goa, the center of Panaji is the square with a church. A beautiful staircase with a white balustrade in front of the Church of the Immaculate Conception seems to increase the proportions of the baroque facade that dominates the square. The church was built in 1541, and at first served as a "beacon" for sailors arriving after a long voyage from Lisbon. Among other architectural monuments of Panaji are the architectural ensemble of Largo da Igreja, the Chapel of St. Sebastian and the Secretariat building. Famous Panaji and the statue of the abbot of Faria, which has already become a symbol of the city. This famous hypnotist, famous for his novel "The Count of Monte Cristo", was born in Candolim in 1756; when he was young, he emigrated to France, was a professor at the University of Marseille and ended his days at the castle.
Modern Bombay has preserved numerous traces of the past, in particular, its architecture which is very diverse. Along with the old mansions of the Victorian style, there are buildings of the most modern trends and styles. The southern part of the city is built up with spectacular high-rise buildings - offices of the largest companies, luxury hotels, apartment buildings. This part of the city is sometimes called "Indian Manhattan." On the Malabar hill is the building of the former residence of British government agencies - Raj Bhavan. The very top of the same hill is a huge water reservoir, built to supply water to all southern Bombay. On the roof of this tank are built on the bulk of so-called "hanging gardens", which are officially called "Gardens of. Ferozshah Mehta "- one of the leaders of the national liberation movement. Shrubs in these gardens are tonsured in the form of various animals. Right opposite the "Hanging
On the roof of this tank so-called "hanging gardens" are located, which are officially called "Gardens of Ferozshah Mehta "- one of the leaders of the national liberation movement. Shrubs in these gardens are tonsured in the form of various animals. Directly opposite the "hanging gardens" is a very popular in Bombay "Park of Culture and Recreation". Near the "hanging gardens" there are so-called "towers of silence" belonging to the Parsi (people of Persia) - followers of the Zoroastrian religion. These "towers of silence" had been built to perform the burial rite in the Parsi style. Near the very foot of the Malabar hill from the side opposite Chowpatty is the famous Hindu temple of Mahalakshmi, dedicated to the goddess of wealth and prosperity. Among the attractions of Bombay are also the Muslim mosque Haji Ali, the Planetarium. Nehru, a zoo, a museum telling about the history of Bombay, the Prince of Wales Museum, the University of Bombay, crowned with a clock tower that resembles the Big Ben tower in London, the building of the old municipality - now there is the Asian Society with its vast library, the building of the old Mint, Aquarium Taraporevala, Kanheri Caves in the National Park.
Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan, the birthplace of the Rajput group of military clans that have controlled this part of India for more than 1000 years. Jaipur was named after the founder, great warrior and astronomical maharaja Jai Singh the Second (1693-1743). The city and the fort were built in accordance with the canons of ancient Indian architecture, which includes the rectangular arrangement of quarters. Jaipur is also called the "pink city" because of the color of most buildings in the old city. The fortress-palace Amber is located 11 km north from Jaipur. Behind a stern and strict facade is a beautiful interior, in styles of Mughal and Hindu that are connected in their highest incarnation.
The state of Goa is located in the southeast of India. This small piece of land almost entirely consists of beaches. 40 beaches stretched for more than 100 km along the coast of the Arabian Sea. Not all are equipped for swimming. Goa is divided into North and South. The border is the fort of Aguada. The southern beaches are sandy, clean, designed (like hotels) for wealthy vacationers. The sea is warm and calm. Low-income tourists -students, hippies, musicians prefer to stay in the north,. On the beaches there are 24-hour discos, a lot of shops, snack bars, noisy bazaars. All beaches are municipal, but those parts of the beach that are assigned to specific hotels are fenced. Use of beaches and equipment is free of charge. Tirakol is the most northern beach of Goa and, most likely, the most savage and untouched by civilization. Anjuna is the most photographed beach in Goa. This means that you cannot find solitude here. Lovers of exotics come here from everywhere. It is necessary to beware of small thieves and drug traffickers. A gorgeous sandy beach, lying under the walls of the ancient Portuguese fort of Aguada, opens a strip of beaches in South Goa. The services of tourists - luxury hotels and the tourist village of Taj. The beach is clean, well maintained, well equipped.
The state of Kerala cannot be called the most popular state since there are so many swamps here, but the whole 900-kilometer coast of the state consists of sandy beaches, stony promenades and lush coconut palms. So tourists come here again and again. Kerala is the most idyllic Indian state, and it is also called the Personal Country of God. Fascinating waterfalls, dense tropical jungles, exotic animals, ancient monuments, festivals and national holidays - all this creates a special colour. Kerala is also the most socially developed state, with the lowest infant mortality rate; it’s the cleanest and most peaceful.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a unique island state of India. There are not many resorts here, although the beaches encircle the islands almost completely. A wonderful climate, rich vegetation and seclusion attract connoisseurs of a quiet "eco-friendly" holiday away from crowds and city noise. It is a closed zone: it’s the territory of national reserves, and you need to obtain a separate permit. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, in fact, represent an entire archipelago of 572 small islands with a total area of 8249 square km. Only 36 of them are inhabited. The islands separate the Bay of Bengal from the Andaman Sea. The climate is tropical, the lowest temperature is +23 C, maximum temperature is +31 C. Humidity is 70-90%. The best time to visit is October-May. From May to mid-September, and also from November to mid-December - a rainy season. At the end of summer there are strong storms causing serious damage.
Port Blair is the capital of the state. The main diving center, Water Entertainment Complex, Fishermen's Club, trekking center, Anthropological Museum, Forest Museum, Maritime Museum and the historic building of the Cellular Prison now turned into the National Memorial.
The state of Andhra Pradesh is called the Kohinoor of India. Here some of the most beautiful beaches of the country are located. The coastline stretches for almost 1000 kilometers along the Bay of Bengal. The beaches are clean, sandy, not too crowded.