Morocco is the oldest monarchy of the Muslim world. History is everywhere: the amazing architecture of imperial cities and fortresses in the desert - kasbahs, ancient burial places scattered on the slopes of the mountains.
Medieval Arab historians and geographers called Morocco "Maghreb al-Aqsa", which means "the most western land". The country is located between the European and African continents. In the north, its coast is separated from Spain by only 14 km; as for the southern borders, they are lost in the sands of the Sahara. But despite the territorial proximity to Europe, for most Europeans this country represents a land of secrets: it still personifies the exotic and intrigues and excites imagination. Arab culture is felt everywhere: it is in the architecture, and in spicy aromas, and in the oriental bazaars of Fez and Marrakech, with their rugs and spices. At the same time, African traditions are alive here too: dances of local Berber tribes and camel caravans of the Sahara constantly remind of a huge continent stretching to the south.
A constitutional monarchy. The head of state is the king. Legislative power in the country is exercised by the king and the Parliament (the House of Representatives and the Chamber of Soviets). The King also appoints all ministers and presides over the Council of Ministers.
Official language: Arabic
In mountain regions, local dialects are used. Second commonly used language is French. There are Spanish and English languages. Spanish is especially common in Fez.
Islam is the state religion. Muslims - 99%, Christians - 0.8%, Jews - 0.2%.
International name: MAD
The Moroccan dirham is equal to 100 centimes. Banknotes in denominations of 200, 100, 50 and 20 dirhams, as well as coins of 5, 1 dirham and 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimes. In the southern regions and in villages of Atlas, the monetary unit of rial (1/20 of dirham) is still in circulation.
Dirham is not convertible, currency export is prohibited, therefore, it is not recommended to exchange large amounts of money immediately. You can exchange currency in banks, large hotels and some large restaurants, as well as at specialized exchange offices at airports. Currency exchange in the street and in unlicensed exchange offices is prohibited. The exchange rate is quite steady, it is the same throughout the country and is set by the state. ATMs are located throughout the country, mainly around large retail outlets and banks.
Credit cards are accepted in most restaurants, in almost all hotels and in most large stores, but private traders aren’t very excited about taking credit cards as form of payment. Tourist Checks by "American Express" are accepted almost everywhere, checks of other systems can also be checked.